Knowing The Benefits And History Of Automotive Windshields

Automotive windshields are large pieces of safety glass that are installed on different forms of vehicles. They come equipped on cars, buses, planes and even some motorcycles. The glass used is usually lamented. This means the glass was treated with two sheets of curved glass separated by a sheet of plastic before it was glued and sealed down to a window frame.

Windshields were created to protect automobile occupants from environmental elements. It has been used to shelter people from both snow and rain. It also protect occupants from the wind and debris that may be in the air. It is effective in keeping out harmful ultraviolet rays since many vehicles come equipped with a special coating of UV. It is similar to the coating used on standard sunglasses with or without the tint.

When the original car was created, windshields were created out of pure glass. When the glass is not lamented, it can cause a severe risk to passengers in the event of an accident. It was not until a series of incidents that glass windows were replaced with a material much stronger and safer. With a tougher glass, it would shatter into harmless little pieces in the event of an accident. This would cause far less damage to drivers and passengers.

The first lamented windshield was first created in France. It used a cellulose middle layer instead of conventional plastic. The cellulose layer was very effective in holding the two layers of glass together when an accident occurred. It was not until many years later that plastic became a better alternative. The purpose was to ensure that windshields will not break when an accident occurred.

Having windshields on motorcycles is becoming more popular today as people are becoming more socially aware and responsible. A typical windshield is large enough to protect both a person’s face and torso from carelessly discarded cigarettes. The discarded cigarettes has been a constant problem for bike riders that have to deal with burns and ashes left behind. It can also protect against other air and wind borne elements and debris.

Before, a bike rider had to look over his/her windshield because it did not provide enough clarity. That has all changed and manufactures have created better windshields with better material. Now a good windshield can redirect noise, airflow and low-pressure turbulence. This makes a motorcycle ride more enjoyable and safer since riders reduce the chance of suffering from wind fatigue.

Polycarbonate windshields are currently a new and better material available for automobile owners. Makers of the innovative product have tested it to ensure customers with the best material available that is both chemical and impact resistant. It has been tested under the pressures of steel wool to guarantee the effectiveness in protection and resistance. Optical clarity is also many times better than original lamented glass shields. It is currently only approved in the motorcycle industry but people can still obtain the replacement for other forms of vehicles since it is in compliance with state requirements.

Laminated polycarbonate windshields are made differently from commercial ones more readily available. The layers include a flexible polymer substrate rather than plastic. A chemical and scratch resistant coating is applied with a special adhesive in between two layers of polycarbonate sheets. Each layer is then treated to become transparent for people’s safety.

Another option that people have is the use of tinted windows to protect from sun glare. The law places heavy restrictions on the use of heavily tinted glass windows. There is a maximum level of tint permitted and exceeding that limit can lead to multiple consequences other than being fined. If necessary for sun glare protection, drivers should consider having the uppermost part of their window more noticeably tinted.

Thermal glass has also been used in the past. This was a popular option before the invention of navigational systems. As of now, thermal glass can potential prevent many navigational systems from working because the metal embedded into the glass blocks the signal communication between a satellite and the device. People that have thermal glass can decide to buy an external antenna for their device to resolve this particular issue.

Automotive windshields have come a long way in history. They have evolved and changed to adapt to the needs of people overtime. People can obtain greater benefits if they properly accommodate their vehicles to adapt to their particular needs. Custom and special applications can be done to automobiles as long as they do not violate the law or the maximum restrictions.

Clay Tennis Court Construction

The very name of clay court reminds you of French open, Italia Open and the god of clay court – Rafael Nadal. The concept of clay courts is highly variable in terms of materials and the methods of clay tennis court construction, so an in-depth know-how is an utmost requisite. In many countries including France and United States the so called Clay Courts actually may not contain Clay at all. The reasons why they are called so are because they tend to behave very much similar to a clay court. Today the fast-dry type courts are very popular due to their building cost and low maintenance. These are known to be the Synthetic Clay courts. When deciding among the Natural and Synthetic courts there are few points that need to be taken care of.

First thing to check is the availability of synthetic materials in your locality. For example if good quality clay is available then it might be cheaper to build a clay court than importing synthetic granules to build a court.

The climate also plays an important role. As natural clay tends to hold and capture moisture for a long it cause sever building damage if the place you are staying has far amount of precipitation.

Cost of maintenance, a clay court with surface level drainage system will definitely cost less than maintaining a below surface level irrigation for synthetic court. Not to be forgotten the availability of water source for natural clay court.

Following are the tips for constructions:

Firstly check with the authorities if a special permission will be required to build a tennis court. Usually if your backyard is the place then no permission is required.

A standard tennis court is 120ft by 60ft, but for general purpose court 110ft by 55ft will the do the job quite adequately. Not only this, it can save a fortune which can be used in building a store house.

Fencing around the back of the tennis court can be visually less intrusive.

The thickness of the clay tennis court can impact the speed and bounce of the ball. A thicker court will mean the ball will speed away after hitting the ground. Similarly a softer court will slow down the speed but for the very same reason the ball bounces higher and a player gets more time to take his or her shot.

As discussed earlier drainage can take a severe toll on your budget if not planned properly. The elevation of the court if same as the surrounding area will assist a lot in surface level drainage system.

For a natural clay court, the basic rule goes like 8 inches of cinders, then 1.5 inches of grave, 3 inches of clay and on top around 1 inch of surface mixture. Color of the surface is very important in reducing the glare of the sun.

The aesthetics of the court should be given extreme care. For a great range of color and textures there are varieties of materials available today. Not only texture, they also come in various grades from very fine to coarse materials. These can play important role to control from the amount of slide to the speed of play. The depth of granules over the surface can be cleverly adjusted to control the degree of slide on a synthetic clay court.

Dusting the tennis court with chloride of calcium helps to bind the surface material and make the courts wear better.

Even after every care been taken there can be chances that after first rain small depressions start to appear. These should be marked and gradually brought to grade by light top dressing of the clay surface mixing.

Finally, a court set open on the landscape can be somewhat of an eyesore. Plant some trees at a distance so that broken shadows dont fall on the court. Also borders of low shrubs around the court can harmonize the same with a natural look.